Class Tracking for Contractors & Construction Businesses:
Classes give you a way to track different segments of your business and to break down your account balances for each segment. Classes can apply to all transactions, so they are not tied to a particular client or job. As you enter transactions, you indicate the appropriate class for each transaction. At any time you can run reports to view the account balances for a given class. If you want to break down your account balances even further, you can create subclasses.
Division-level Class Tracking for General Contractors:
– Many general contractors want reports that itemize account balances for each construction division on their jobs. Classes give you an easy way to track how well you managed income and expenses, and how well you estimated in each of those areas or divisions.
– If you set up classes for construction divisions, you can get an Item Profitability report that shows your revenue and cost by class.
Class Tracking for Remodeling and Specialty Contractors/Subcontractors:
– Use a subset of the construction divisions that is appropriate for your business. For example, a plumbing contractor might have classes called Rough and Finish to distinguish rough plumbing work from finish plumbing work.
– Use classes for tracking project supervisors. For example, contractors who have more than one project supervisor might want to create a separate class for each supervisor, so they can compare profits for each supervisor. (For each supervisor you have, create a class with the supervisor’s name.)
To Turn on Class Tracking:
1. Go to the Edit menu and click Preferences.
2. In the Preferences window, click Accounting in the list on the left.
3. Click the Company Preferences tab.
4. Select the Use class tracking checkbox.
5. (Optional) Once you turn on class tracking, you can also select to have
QuickBooks prompt you to assign a class if you forgot to enter one while entering in a transaction.
6. Click the OK button to save the preference and close the window.
Note: Turning on this feature will not in any way affect your current reporting or previous transactions. It will simply add a column to your transactions that will allow you to assign a class. In order to assign a class for each line item on sales transactions, you may need to edit your templates to show this column. If you run payroll in QuickBooks, you’ll also need to set the preference per paycheck or per earnings item under the “Payroll and Employees” company preferences.
General Tips for Using Classes:
• Set up classes on the basis of the type of reporting that you want to do, and consider how you want to see your business segmented on reports.
• Set up a class such as “other” or “overhead” that you can use to deliberately classify transactions that don’t fit into any specific class that you’ve defined, such as overhead expenses.
• Use classes for one purpose only. For example, don’t create classes for tracking office locations in addition to tracking partners.
• Consistently enter the class information on your forms and registers to ensure that this information is valid and useful.
To Setup Classes:
You can create classes when you set up your QuickBooks company file or at any time after setup. To create classes, choose Lists > Class List. When the class list window opens, press Ctrl+N to open the new class window, and then enter a name for the class. Now you will be able to enter a class when you are creating invoices, recording bills, making journal entries etc.
Note: Once you setup your classes, you should assign a class to every posting transaction. Each time you enter a sale in QuickBooks or pay a bill, you should enter the class associated with that sale or expense, even if the class is “Other” or “Overhead” as we discussed above. If you need to fit everything into a specific class, you always have the option of splitting out things like overhead expenses and assigning a class per line item.
Class Tracking Reports:
Profit & Loss by Class Report – shows the profit and loss of each aspect of your business that you track by class in QuickBooks.
Profit & Loss Unclassified Report – shows the profit and loss from all transactions that are not classified. You can use this report to identify unclassified transactions in your company file.
Balance Sheet by Class Report – In QuickBooks versions 2011 or later, you can also run a Balance Sheet by Class report. However, this report is an advanced report and you may experience some unexpected results due to unsupported transactions that require a strong background in accounting and QuickBooks to fix. If you really need a Balance Sheet by Class report, contact your accountant for assistance.
Note: The default date range for P&L Reports is always the fiscal-year-to-date. However, you can change the period you want displayed from the Date Entered/Last Modified drop down list or by entering a new date in the From and To date range.
Profit & Loss by Class Report:
The Profit & Loss by Class report shows how much you’re making or losing within each segment of your business, as defined by the QuickBooks classes you have set up. The report includes subtotals for each type of income or expense so you can see where money is coming in and where you are spending it.
How do I create this report? From the QuickBooks main menu, Choose Reports > Company & Financial > Profit & Loss by Class.
To Create a P&L Comparison Report by Class (for a Previous Period/Previous Year)
1. Click Customize Report at the top of the report.
2. Click Report Dates drop-down list and choose the date range you want to compare.
3. Select the Previous Period checkbox, the Previous Year checkbox, or both.
4. (Optional) For each comparison, select the $ Change checkbox, % Change checkbox, or both. When you select these checkboxes, the report displays the dollar change or percentage change from the previous period or year.
5. Click OK.
Note: Depending on the reporting purpose and number of classes, instead of running the Profit and Loss by Class, you may prefer to create a P&L Report, filter it by the class you want to view, and memorize it. Either way, it’s important to run the Profit & Loss Unclassified Report first to make sure all of your transactions are assigned to a class before creating your reports.